The harmful effects on health of fine dust in industrial facilities are a significant problem. The development of new deposition methods for dust particles with a diameter of less than 10 microns is particularly difficult. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare new deposition methods of such aerosols by means of external fields: acoustic, electrostatic, and specially atomized powder.
It is shown that the method of spraying powder affects its adsorption ability. An experimental study of the dispersity and specific surface of nanopowder particles atomized by different methods was carried out. It is shown that, as a result of the atomization of this powder, the specific surface area of its particles decreases and that this decrease is smaller in the case of atomization by the shock-wave method.
The proposed mathematical model of aerosol coagulation is based on the integral version of the Smoluchowski equation with the type of kernel depending on the types of external influence. In the model the effect of the acoustic wind is considered and it is shown that the acoustic wind plays an important role in the deposition of finely divided particles. A calculation of the drift velocity of particles in an electric field and gravity field is performed. The results of the pilot and theoretical study of acoustic and electrostatic deposition of fine aerosols are presented in the article. Calculations confirmed experimentally enable the reference time of the deposition of a dust cloud to be established depending on the deposition method and particle size. Recommendations are provided about the use of ultrasound sources, electrostatic precipitators, water aerosol sprays and electrostatic spray guns for the optimum removal of dust from the air in the workplace taking into account dust particle sizes. The results of the study can be used in harmful dust emission air purification systems.