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Sensitivity Analyses for the Atmospheric Dry Deposition of Total PCDD/Fs-TEQ for Handan and Kaifeng Cities, China

Category: Air Toxics

Volume: 18 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 1255-1269
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.03.0109
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Rong Zhao1, Kangping Cui 1, Weiwei Wang1, Lin-Chi Wang 2, Ya-Fen Wang3

  • 1 School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 246011, China
  • 2 Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan
  • 3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan 32023, Taiwan

Highlights

Atmospheric deposition is importance for the sink of PCDD/Fs to the environment.
The sensitivity analysis of total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ in China was conducted.
The dry deposition to total PCDD/Fs ranged between 60.8% and 100% from 2016 to 1017.


Abstract

During the period 2016–2017, the atmospheric wet, dry, and total deposition fluxes and scavenging ratios of the total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ in Handan and Kaifeng were investigated. In addition, a sensitivity analysis for the dry deposition fluxes of the total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ was conducted. The annual wet deposition fluxes of total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ in Handan ranged between 51.1 and 83.5 and averaged 72.3 pg WHO2005-TEQ m–2 year–1, which was approximately 1.04 times of magnitude higher than that in Kaifeng (69.3 pg WHO2005-TEQ m–2 year–1). From 2016–2017, the contribution fraction of dry deposition to the total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ deposition flux ranged between 60.8% and 100% and averaged 80.4%. Dry deposition fluxes were more dominant than wet deposition fluxes. In terms of the seasonal variations in total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ dry deposition fluxes (the mean values for 2016 and 2017) in Handan, those in spring, summer, fall, and winter were 1084, 563, 964, and 1325 pg WHO2005-TEQ m–2 month–1, respectively, while in Kaifeng, they were 963, 428, 715, and 1016 pg WHO2005-TEQ m–2 month–1, respectively. The total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ deposition fluxes in winter was approximately 2.0 times of magnitude higher than that in summer. The sensitivity analysis of total PCDD/FsWHO2005-TEQ dry deposition fluxes in Handan and Kaifeng showed that the PM10 concentration was the most positively correlated sensitive factor. When ΔP/P was changed from 0% to +50%, ΔS/S responded from 0% to +46.1% and +46.3%, respectively. The second positively correlated sensitive factor was the PM2.5 concentration, where when ΔP/P was changed from 0% to +50%, ΔS/S responded from 0% to +47.8% and +40.8%, respectively. For PCDD/Fs mass concentration, when ΔP/P was changed from 0% to +50%, ΔS/S responded from 0% to +32.2% and +28.1%, respectively. This was followed by the atmospheric temperature, and its effect was negatively correlated. When ΔP/P was changed from –50% to +50%, ΔS/S responded from +46.4% to –26.9% and +57.0% to –30.5%, respectively. The results of this study provide useful information that can be used to achieve more insights into both atmospheric deposition of total PCDD/Fs-WHO2005-TEQ and the sensitive factors for dry deposition fluxes.

Keywords

Dry deposition Wet deposition Scavenging ratio Sensitivity analysis


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