Articles online

Measurements for Size and Composition of Volatile Particles Generated from a Heated Tobacco Product with Aerosol Fixation Agents

Category: Aerosol Physics and Instrumentation

Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.02.0049
PDF | Supplemental material

Export Citation:  RIS | BibTeX

Nobuyuki Ishikawa1, Kazuhiko Sekiguchi 2

  • 1 Tobacco Science Research Center, Japan Tobacco Inc., Yokohama, Kanagawa 227-8512, Japan
  • 2 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Sakura, Saitama 338-8570, Japan


Fixation agents made measurements of volatile particle possible with more precision.
The solubility of fixation agents was an important factor for aerosol fixation.
Nonadecanoic acid effectively worked for fixation of propylene glycol and glycerin.
Nonadecanoic acid was included in the same weight ratio regardless of particle size.
Nonadecanoic acid was localized on the surface of particles, reducing the volatility.


Measurements of accurate particle size distribution and chemical composition are important to understand the influence of human health and indoor environment. In this research, volatile particles generated from a pod-type Heated Tobacco Product (HTP) were measured by Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) and Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) using various aerosol fixation agents to reduce the volatility of particles. A simple method of aerosol fixation was applied, and the effective fixation agents and the primary factor of fixation were elucidated. The effective fixation agent was determined in from the view point of the solubility between aerosol substrates and fixation agents. We found that nonadecanoic acid had a higher effect on the fixation for propylene glycol and glycerin; however, it did not work for aerosol substrates with a low polarity. In particles without fixation, the organic mass concentration (derived by AMS) was significantly reduced due to volatilization in the measurement apparatus. In contrast, the fixed volatile particles showed a higher organic mass concentration due to suppression of volatilization. The number peak diameter of the volatile particles without fixation derived by SMPS was observed to be below 100 nm, whereas that of the fixed volatile particles was about 200 nm. The particle concentration of SMPS with fixation was in agreement with that of a light scattering method (welas®). The elemental and surface compositions of fixed volatile particles were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX) and Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) under a vacuum condition. The results revealed that the fixation agent was localized on the surface of the particles, reducing the volatility of particles.


Aerosol fixation Aerosol mass spectrometer Tobacco smoke Volatile particles Heated tobacco product

Related Article

Small Cyclones with Conical Contraction Bodies

Di Liu, Peng Wang, Ta-Chih Hsiao, Da-Ren Chen
Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.05.0166

Aerosol Chamber Characterization for Commercial Particulate Matter (PM) Sensor Evaluation

Dian Ahmad Hapidin, Casmika Saputra, Dian Syah Maulana, Muhammad Miftahul Munir , Khairurrijal Khairurrijal
Article In Press
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.12.0611