The continuous measurement of nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone (O3) was conducted in Tianjin from September 8 to October 15, 2006. The data were used to investigate the relationship between the O3 distribution and its association with ambient concentrations of NO, NO2 and NOx (NO and NO2). The measured concentrations of the pollutants in the study area varied as a function of time, while peaks in NO, NO2 and O3 all occurred in succession in the daytime. The diurnal cycle of ground-level ozone concentration showed a mid-day peak and lower nighttime concentrations. Furthermore, an inverse relationship was found between O3 NO, NO2 and NOx. In addition, a linear relationship between NO2 and NOx, as well as NO and NOx, and a polynomial relationship between O3 and NO2/NO was found.
The variation in the level of oxidant (O3 and NO2) with NO2 was also obtained. It can be seen that OX concentration at a given location is made up of two parts: one independent and the other dependent on NO2 concentration. The independent part can be considered as a regional contribution and is about 20 ppb in Tianjin.
An obvious difference in NO, NOx and O3 concentrations between weekdays and weekends was also found, but this difference did not appear in NO2.
Lastly, the diurnal variation of O3 concentration under different meteorological conditions was demonstrated and analyzed.