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Component Characteristics and Emission Factors of Volatile Organic Compounds from Dyestuff Production

Category: Air Pollution and Health Effects

Volume: 20 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 108-118
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2019.09.0474

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To cite this article:
Lu, Y., Shao, Y., Qu, R., Zheng, C., Zhang, Y., Lin, W., Wu, W., Feng, Y. and Gao, X. (2020). Component Characteristics and Emission Factors of Volatile Organic Compounds from Dyestuff Production. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 20: 108-118. doi: 10.4209/aaqr.2019.09.0474.

Yan Lu1, Yixin Shao1, Ruiyang Qu1, Chenghang Zheng 1, Yongxin Zhang1, Wenhao Lin2, Weihong Wu3, Yuanqun Feng2, Xiang Gao1

  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • 2 Zhejiang Environmental Monitoring Center, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • 3 Energy Engineering Design and Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co., Ltd., Hangzhou 310013, China


  • Component characteristics of VOCs from dyestuff production were investigated.
  • The removal rate of VOC components by the treatment facility was evaluated.
  • Effort was made to establish the EFs of the components for dyestuff industry.
  • Attentions should be paid on the control of raw materials and production processes.


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are critical components in the generation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) as well as ozone. In this study, the compositions of VOC emissions from two dyestuff plants were sampled and quantitatively analyzed using SUMMA canister sampling, a pre-concentrator, and GC-MS. Based on the organized emission concentrations, the two plants generated an estimated 443.0 kg a–1 and 667.8 kg a–1 of VOCs, which were dominated by halogenated hydrocarbons. The differences in composition between the plants, plant workshops, and production chains were remarkable. The average removal rate of the VOCs was calculated to be 86.1%, with alkanes and alkenes exhibiting the maximum rate, followed by halogenated hydrocarbons and OVOCs. Our research establishes the characteristics of VOCs—including their EFs, which have hitherto remained unassessed—generated by dyestuff production and offers supporting air quality data for emission inventories of relevant industries as well as policy making.


Component Dyestuff Emission factor VOCs

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