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Isotherm, Thermodynamic and Kinetic Studies of Selective CO2 Adsorption on Chemically Modified Carbon Surfaces

Category: CO2 Emission and Control

Volume: 16 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 3312-3329
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2016.01.0014
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Adedeji Adebukola Adelodun1, Jane Catherine Ngila1, Do-Gun Kim2, Young-Min Jo 3

  • 1 Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein 2028 Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 2 Department of Health & Environmental Engineering, JEI University, Incheon, 22573, Korea
  • 3 Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyenoggi-do, 446-701, Korea

Highlights

Surface and porous properties of newly modified ACs were examined.

Detailed linearized and non-linearized isotherms were studied.

Adsorption thermodynamic studies revealed the dependence of ΔGo.

CO2 adsorption kinetics follow pseudo-2nd order perfectly.

Inter-relationships between the properties were found.


Abstract

Detailed assessments of adsorption properties (isotherm, thermodynamics and kinetics) were carried out on chemically modified activated carbon (AC). Some pretreatment methods prior amination have been used to improve the CO2 selective capture of AC in our previous works. Here, the inter-relationships among the adsorption properties were further investigated and reported. It was found that CO2 molecules bind onto the heterogeneous surfaces of AC in a monolayer pattern as experimental data fit Freundlich isotherm rather than Langmuir. However, Redlich-Peterson, a 3-parameter model provided the best fit. The highest degree of precision of Chi-square analysis professed it as the most efficient error function for the isotherm study. Values of standard entropy showed to be the most significant thermodynamic limiting parameter in the adsorption process, as physisorption was found predominant for CO2 collection at the interface. This observation was corroborated with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) analysis where ca. 86% of adsorbed CO2 were desorbed below 500°C. The kinetic study indicated that CO2-AC interaction follows pseudo-second order while the higher R2 of intraparticle diffusion over Elovich equation confirmed the deduction made from the thermodynamic study. Conclusively, the study of adsorption properties in this work provides useful information for designing proper adsorption reactor and subsequent regeneration of CO2-laden adsorbents at environmental levels.

Keywords

Activated carbon Adsorption selectivity Isotherms Thermodynamics Kinetics


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