OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

An Investigation into the Effects of Off-Shore Shipping Emissions on Coastal Black Carbon Concentrations

Category: Air Pollution and Health Effects

Volume: 17 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 218-229
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.12.0688
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

David M. Butterfield , Paul Quincey

  • Environment Division, National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex, TW11 0LW, United Kingdom

Highlights

Black carbon measured for a year to assess any effects from shipping.
Hourly peak values being in the range 1–2 µg m–3.
Concentrations were similar to other remote rural sites.
Long-term average shipping contribution to black carbon concentrations ≤ 0.1 µg m–3.


Abstract

Shipping emissions are recognised as a significant but poorly understood contributor to air pollution in the UK. Away from port, lower grade fuels are permitted to be used, to the extent that sulphur emissions from shipping were forecast to exceed those from all land-based sources in the EU by 2020. To examine the impact of black carbon emissions from shipping, an Aethalometer was installed at Goonhilly Downs on the Lizard peninsula in Cornwall UK, which is typically downwind of busy shipping lanes, with very low background pollution levels, for a full year starting in November 2012. Black carbon and UV component concentrations were combined with local wind speed and direction data to differentiate between shipping emissions, local sources and long-range transport. Black carbon concentrations were compared with PM2.5 mass concentrations from Plymouth Centre to allow for the influence of changes in regional background particulate concentrations. Black carbon concentrations showed no substantial increment above other rural UK locations, although some time periods show small elevated concentrations which could be attributed to emissions from the nearby shipping lanes. The long-term (annual) average contribution to black carbon concentrations from off-shore shipping is estimated to be less than 0.1 µg m–3, with the hourly peak values being in the range 1–2 µg m–3.

Keywords

Black carbon Shipping emissions Aethalometer Goonhilly


Related Article

Long-term Multiple Chemical Exposure Assessment for a Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display (TFT-LCD) Industry

Ying-Fang Wang, Shih-Min Wang, Yu-Chieh Kuo, Chungsik Yoon, Ya-Fen Wang, Perng-Jy Tsai
Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0299
PDF

PM2.5 Meets Blood: in vivo Damages and Immune Defense

Xiangyu Zhang, Jingjing Kang, Haoxuan Chen, Maosheng Yao , Jinglin Wang
Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0167
PDF

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) at High Mountain Site in North China: Concentration, Source and Health Risk Assessment

Jing Liu, Yan Wang, Peng-Hui Li , You-Ping Shou , Tao Li, Min-Min Yang, Lei Wang, Jun-Jie Yue, Xian-Liang Yi, Li-Qiong Guo
Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0288
PDF

PM2.5-Bound PAHs in Indoor and Outdoor of Hotels in Urban and Suburban of Jinan, China: Concentrations, Sources, and Health Risk Impacts

Yanyan Li, Lingxiao Yang , Xiangfeng Chen, Ying Gao, Pan Jiang, Junmei Zhang, Hao Yu, Wenxing Wang
Volume: 17 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 2463-2473
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0286
PDF
;