OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Effects of Chalk Use on Dust Exposure and Classroom Air Quality

Category: Air Pollution and Health Effects

Volume: 15 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 2596-2608
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.04.0216
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Chi-Chi Lin1, Mei-Kuei Lee2, Hsiao-Lin Huang 2

  • 1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Kaohsiung, No.700, Kaohsiung University Rd., Nan-Tzu Dist., Kaohsiung 81148, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, No.60, Sec. 1, Erren Rd., Rende Dist., Tainan City 71710, Taiwan

Highlights

Using chalk for classroom instruction results in large quantities of anti-chalk dust.
Teachers and students are at risk of inhaling large quantities of harmful chalk dust.
The distributions of chalk dust are affected by various forms of ventilation.
Cleaning chalkboards generates the greatest amount of fine and ultrafine particles.


Abstract

This study explores human exposure to harmful dust when antidust chalk is used for teaching, as well as dust particle size distribution and how chalk dust affects indoor air quality. In this study, a classroom with 5 ventilation modes was selected. A dust size analyzer and a scanning mobility particle sizer were employed to measure the mass concentration and particle size distribution of chalk dust based on the frequency of chalk use during classes. The results indicate that antidust chalk can generate considerable quantities of dust particles and substantially increase the mass concentration of dust in the proximity of the chalkboard. Approximately 15% of observed chalk dust particles were respirable and high concentrations of chalk dust deteriorated the indoor air quality. Moreover, chalk dust was the primary source of indoor coarse particles. Mechanical ventilation resuspended the settled chalk dust particles, thereby increasing the mass concentration of airborne dust. Using antidust chalk generates coarse, fine, and ultrafine particles, particularly when cleaning the chalkboard. The best ventilation mode to reduce dust accumulated in the chalk teaching classroom was to open doors and turn on ceiling fans. Wearing face masks and increasing distance between seats and blackboard can also prevent teachers and students from chalk dust hazard. The results of this study should serve as a reference for improving indoor air quality and protecting teachers and students from harmful dust particles in classrooms.

Keywords

Dust Exposure School Indoor air quality Ventilation


Related Article

Developing High Spatial Resolution Concentration Maps Using Mobile Air Quality Measurements

Dilhara R. Ranasinghe, Wonsik Choi, Arthur M. Winer, Suzanne E. Paulson
Volume: 16 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 1841-1853
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.07.0484
PDF | Supplemental material

Measurements of Nanoscale TiO2 and Al2O3 in Industrial Workplace Environments – Methodology and Results

Heinz Kaminski , Mathias Beyer, Heinz Fissan, Christof Asbach, Thomas A.J. Kuhlbusch
Volume: 15 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 129-141
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.03.0065
PDF

Intra-Urban Levels, Spatial Variability, Possible Sources and Health Risks of PM2.5 Bound Phthalate Esters in Xi’an

Jingzhi Wang, Zhibao Dong, Xiaoping Li, Meiling Gao, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Gehui Wang, Shun Xiao, Junji Cao

Spatial and Temporal Trends of Short-Term Health Impacts of PM2.5 in Iranian Cities; a Modelling Approach (2013-2016)

Philip K. Hopke, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mostafa Hadei, Maryam Yarahmadi, Majid Kermani, Elham Yarahmadi, Abbas Shahsavani
;