Articles online

Characteristics of Aerosol Extinction Coefficient in Taipei Metropolitan Atmosphere

Category: Urban Air Quality

Volume: 15 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 1823-1835
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.03.0132
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Yu-Chih Cheng1, Chi-Sung Liang1, Jin-Yuan Syu1, Yuan-Yi Chang1, Yeou-Lih Yan2, Shui-Jen Chen3, Chih-Chieh Chen4, Wen-Yinn Lin 1

  • 1 Institute of Environmental Engineering and Management, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, 10608, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, National United University, Miaoli, 360, Taiwan
  • 3 Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, NeiPu, Pingtung, 91207, Taiwan
  • 4 Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10055, Taiwan


Visibility impairment is a major problem in urban area.
One of the important indices of visibility is the extinction coefficient.
The characterization of visibility was influenced by aerosol concentrations and relative humidity.
Visibility could be estimated by particle surface area concentration.


The object of this study investigated the correlation of visibility with aerosol physical properties in the urban atmosphere. The field experiments were conducted in four seasons from August 2010 to March 2011 in National Taipei University of Technology (NTUT), located in the downtown of Taipei city. Integrating nephelometer was used to measure the aerosol optical properties and compared with the calculated values based upon the measurements of aerosol concentration and size distribution. The characterization of visibility was influenced by aerosol concentrations and relative humidity. When the relative humidity was above 70%, the particles usually grew into larger size range and changed their optical characteristics. The results showed that the surface area concentration had a great relationship with extinction coefficient, especially for PM2.5. The correlation between particle number or volume concentration and extinction coefficient was complicated. Hence, visibility could be estimated by particle surface area concentration. The conclusions suggested that particle surface area concentration obtained from number concentration combined with size distribution could be used to estimate visibility. 


Visibility Extinction coefficient Number concentration Surface area concentration

Related Article

Optical Characterization Studies of a Low-Cost Particle Sensor

Jiayu Li, Pratim Biswas
Volume: 17 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1691-1704
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.02.0085

Characterization of Particulate Matter, Ions and OC/EC in a Museum in Shanghai, China

Guangli Xiu , Xin Wu, Lina Wang, Yuanxiang Chen, Ying Yu, Fangyuan Xu, Laiming Wu
Volume: 15 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 1240-1250
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.07.0147

Vertical Ozone Concentration Profiles in the Arabian Gulf Region during Summer and Winter: Sensitivity of WRF-Chem to Planetary Boundary Layer Schemes

Christos Fountoukis , Mohammed A. Ayoub, Luis Ackermann, Daniel Perez-Astudillo, Dunia Bachour, Ivan Gladich, Ross D. Hoehn

On the Morphology and Composition of Particulate Matter in an Urban Environment

Bahadar Bahadar Zeb, Khan Khan Alam , Armin Armin Sorooshian, Thomas Blaschke, Ifthikhar Ahmad, Imran Shahid
Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.09.0340