OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Laboratory Study of Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants on Ice Nucleation Activity of Bacteria

Category: Bioaerosols

Volume: 15 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 1460-1468
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.11.0293
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Rui Du 1, Yaling Wang1, Jiming Sun 2,3, Pengrui Du1, Zedong Lu1, Zedong Lu1, Zongmin Liang1, Ziming Li1

  • 1 College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Cloud-Precipitation Physics and Severe Storms (LACS), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 3 Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, (null), China

Highlights

Test the ice nucleation activity (INA) of bacteria.
Typical atmospheric organic pollutants impact on INA bacteria.
The mixed organic pollutants impact on INA bacteria.


Abstract

Ice nuclei of some bacterial origin as ice catalysts can initiate ice nucleation at temperatures as warm as –2°C in certain laboratory experiments. The ice nucleation activities of airborne bacteria in the real atmosphere may be different from those experiments. To estimate the impact of typical atmospheric pollutants including monocarboxylic acids (MCAs), dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) and ammonia sulfate on ice nucleation activity of P.syringae pv lachrymans and P.syringae pv.panici, we have conducted some experiments by means of the modified Vali’s droplet freezing testing method in the immersion freezing mode with the mixture of the pure water and the polluted water. Our results show that the ice nucleation activity of bacterial origins can be regulated by such pollutant compounds even though the onset freezing temperatures of water droplets mainly depend on the concentrations of ice nucleation-active bacteria. Atmospheric acids can decrease ice nucleation activity of P.syringae pv lachrymans and P.syringae pv.panici. However, the onset freezing temperatures of water droplets immersed with ice nucleation-active P.syringae pv lachrymans will be enhanced by the low concentration of such atmospheric pollutants.

Keywords

Pollutant Ice nuclei Droplet freezing test Immersion freezing Ice nucleation-active bacteria


Related Article

Fungal Bioaerosol Exposure and Its Effects on the Health of Mushroom and Vegetable Farm Workers in Taiwan

Yenni Gustiani Tarigan, Ruey-Yu Chen, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Chia-Yi Jung, Kraiwuth Kallawicha, Ta-Pang Chang, Po-Chen Hung, Chih-Yong Chen, Hsing Jasmine Chao

Ambient Fungal Spore Concentration in a Subtropical Metropolis: Temporal Distributions and Meteorological Determinants

Kraiwuth Kallawicha, Yi-Chen Chen, H. Jasmine Chao, Wei-Chiang Shen, Bing-Yu Chen, Yu-Chen Chuan, Yue Leon Guo
Article In Press
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2016.10.0450
PDF

Identification and Characterization of Size-Segregated Bioaerosols at Different Sites in Delhi

Himanshu Lal, Bipasha Ghosh, Anshul Srivastava, Arun Srivastava
Volume: 17 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 1570-1581
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.05.0331
PDF | Supplemental material
;