Articles online

Decoupling Effects and Decomposition Analysis of CO2 Emissions from Thailand’s Thermal Power Sector

Category: Articles

Volume: 14 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1929-2938
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.03.0066
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Isara Muangthai1, Charles Lewis2, Sue J. Lin 1

  • 1 Department of Environmental Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Resources Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan


Focus on energy-related CO2 emissions of Thailand’s thermal power sector in 2000–2011.
Linkage effects between energy consumption and CO2 emission analyzed by Decoupling.
Key factors affecting CO2 emission changes can be traced by Divisia decomposition.
The economic effect is the critical factor for increased CO2 emissions.
Thailand’s power industry needs to orient towards low carbon electricity generation.


Electricity is the basic need of most economic sectors within a national economy. Electricity generation not only directly affects the amount of CO2 emissions, but it also indirectly affects a country’s economic system. For Thailand, the electricity generation sector represents the largest source of CO2 emissions, so it is necessary to investigate the potential factors contributing to the changes in CO2 emissions from this power sector. Here, a decoupling method was used to evaluate the relationships between energy consumption and the CO2 emissions from Thailand’s thermal power generation that were caused by economic developments during 2000–2011. Key factors affecting the evolution of CO2 emissions from Thailand’s thermal power sector were analyzed by Divisia index decomposition. Changes in the emission coefficient, heat rate, fuel intensity, electricity intensity and economic growth were investigated. The results reveal that energy consumption and CO2 emissions were coupled during 2000–2005, whereas a relative decoupling appeared for 2006–2011. Moreover, the economic effect was the critical factor for increased CO2 emissions from Thailand’s thermal power generation, while electricity intensity played a dominant role in decreased CO2 emissions. Since the CO2 emissions released from Thailand’s electricity generation are rapidly increasing, the Thai government will be required to reduce CO2 emissions in the future by enhancing energy conservation, reconstructing the fuel mix in power generation, promoting a shift in the economic structure toward less energy-intensive services, and orienting Thailand’s power industry towards low carbon electricity generation.


CO2 emission Decoupling Decomposition Electricity generation Energy consumption

Related Article

Multiplier Effects of Energy Consumption and CO2 Emissions by Input-Output Analysis in South Africa

Mohamed Beidari, Sue-Jane Lin , Charles Lewis
Volume: 17 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 1666-1678
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.04.0150

Inter-Industry Linkages, Energy and CO2 Multipliers of the Electric Power Industry in Thailand

Isara Muangthai, Sue J. Lin , Charles Lewis
Volume: 16 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 2033-2047
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2016.01.0042

Critical Emissions from the Largest On-Road Transport Network in South Asia

Saroj Kumar Sahu , Gufran Beig, Neha Parkhi
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 135-144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.04.0137

Ambient Air Quality during Diwali Festival over Kolkata – A Mega-City in India

A. Chatterjee , C. Sarkar, A. Adak, U. Mukherjee, S.K. Ghosh, S. Raha
Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 1133-1144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.03.0062