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Cultural and Ritual Burning Emission Factors and Activity Levels in India

Category: Aerosol and Atmospheric Chemistry

Volume: 15 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 72-80
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.01.0022
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Shamsh Pervez 1, Rajan Chakrabarty2, Shippi Dewangan1, John G. Watson2, Judith C. Chow2, Jeevan Lal Matawle1, Yasmeen Pervez3

  • 1 School of Studies in Chemistry, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010 (C.G.), India
  • 2 Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, 89512, USA
  • 3 Department of Engineering Chemistry, Chhatrpati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Kolihapuri, Durg, 49010, India

Highlights

Real-world Emission Factors (EFs) of speciated organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) fractions emitted from Asian cultural/ritual burning practices.
Country level annual emission estimates of OC and EC from cultural/ritual burning practices.


Abstract

Real-world particulate matter, organic carbon, and elemental carbon (OC and EC) emission measurements were measured for different cultural and ritual burning practices. These were (g/kg): 11.36 (OC), 0.27 (EC) and 31.04 (RPM) for Marriage Events; 27.04 (OC), 0.18 (EC) and 123.82 (RPM) for Muslim Holy Shrines; 25.99 (OC), 0.85 (EC) and 47.93 (RPM) for Buddhist Temples; and 3.47 (OC), 7.96 (EC) and 20.13 (RPM) for Hindu Temples. When projected to reasonable levels of such activities throughout India, the total annual emissions would be 72.38 Gg/yr, comparable to those from transport (165 Gg/yr), power plants (19 Gg/yr), agricultural waste burning (428 Gg/yr) and forest and savannah burning (176 Gg/yr).

Keywords

Emission factors OC and EC fractions Cultural and ritual performances Combustion activities Asian Brown Haze


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