OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Cultural and Ritual Burning Emission Factors and Activity Levels in India

Category: Aerosol and Atmospheric Chemistry

Volume: 15 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 72-80
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.01.0022
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Shamsh Pervez 1, Rajan Chakrabarty2, Shippi Dewangan1, John G. Watson2, Judith C. Chow2, Jeevan Lal Matawle1, Yasmeen Pervez3

  • 1 School of Studies in Chemistry, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010 (C.G.), India
  • 2 Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, 89512, USA
  • 3 Department of Engineering Chemistry, Chhatrpati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Kolihapuri, Durg, 49010, India

Highlights

Real-world Emission Factors (EFs) of speciated organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) fractions emitted from Asian cultural/ritual burning practices.
Country level annual emission estimates of OC and EC from cultural/ritual burning practices.


Abstract

Real-world particulate matter, organic carbon, and elemental carbon (OC and EC) emission measurements were measured for different cultural and ritual burning practices. These were (g/kg): 11.36 (OC), 0.27 (EC) and 31.04 (RPM) for Marriage Events; 27.04 (OC), 0.18 (EC) and 123.82 (RPM) for Muslim Holy Shrines; 25.99 (OC), 0.85 (EC) and 47.93 (RPM) for Buddhist Temples; and 3.47 (OC), 7.96 (EC) and 20.13 (RPM) for Hindu Temples. When projected to reasonable levels of such activities throughout India, the total annual emissions would be 72.38 Gg/yr, comparable to those from transport (165 Gg/yr), power plants (19 Gg/yr), agricultural waste burning (428 Gg/yr) and forest and savannah burning (176 Gg/yr).

Keywords

Emission factors OC and EC fractions Cultural and ritual performances Combustion activities Asian Brown Haze


Related Article

Radiative Forcing of Carbonaceous Aerosols over Two Urban Environments in Northern India

Abhilash S. Panicker , Rathod Aditi, Gufran Beig, Kaushar Ali, Fabien Solmon
Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.01.0056
PDF

Spectral Properties of Black Carbon Produced during Biomass Burning

Chaithanya D. Jain , Harish S. Gadhavi, Tushar Wankhede, Kanakaraju Kallelapu, Suryasree Sudhesh, Lidiya N. Das, Rahul U. Pai, Achuthan Jayaraman
Article In Press
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.03.0102
PDF
;