Articles online

Release of Harmful Air Pollutants from Open Burning of Domestic Municipal Solid Wastes in a Metropolitan Area of Korea

Category: Articles

Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 1365-1372
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.10.0272
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Young Koo Young Koo1, Wooram Kim2, Young Min Jo 2

  • 1 Department of Environmental Engineer, Kangwon National University, Kangwondo, Korea
  • 2 Department of Environmental Science & Engineer, Center for Environmental Studies, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggido, Korea


Open burning of solid wastes, a potential nonpoint emission source, has recently become a topic of interests, particularly in the metropolitan area of Seoul, Korea. To estimate the effects of irregular open burning on local air quality, we evaluated the emission levels of harmful substances from test combustion of individual types of domestic municipal solid waste (MSW), including paper, wood, and plastics. The emission factors of PM10, PM2.5, PAHs, and heavy metals obtained from laboratory tests differed depending on the combustion material. A brief survey of residents and local government officials showed that more than 10.6% of homes in the metropolitan area have eliminated waste by irregular burning. Based on the public survey in the test area, the average annual emissions of hazardous materials from frequent open burning was estimated to be 71 tons for PM10, 46.6 tons for PM2.5, 914 kg for heavy metals, and 67 kg for PAHs. Open burning creates nearly 0.44% of regional air pollution from PM10.


Open burning Emission factor PM PAHs Heavy metals

Related Article

Two-Step Flotation Treatment for Removal of Toxic Matter from Hospital Solid Waste Incinerator Fly Ash

Han-Qiao Liu , Fang Liu, Guo-Xia Wei, Rui Zhang, Dan-Dan Zang
Volume: 17 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 1329-1340
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.02.0090

Role of Plant Leaves in Removing Airborne Dust and Associated Metals on Beijing Roadsides

Yanju Liu , Zheng Yang, Minghao Zhu, Jianxin Yin
Volume: 17 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 2566-2584
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2016.11.0474
PDF | Supplemental material

Critical Emissions from the Largest On-Road Transport Network in South Asia

Saroj Kumar Sahu , Gufran Beig, Neha Parkhi
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 135-144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.04.0137

Ambient Air Quality during Diwali Festival over Kolkata – A Mega-City in India

A. Chatterjee , C. Sarkar, A. Adak, U. Mukherjee, S.K. Ghosh, S. Raha
Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 1133-1144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.03.0062