OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Metal Behavior during Vitrification of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Fly Ash

Category: Articles

Volume: 12 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 1379-1385
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2011.12.0231
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Yi-Ming Kuo 1, Kuo-Lin Huang2, Chitsan Lin3

  • 1 Department of Safety Health and Environmental Engineering, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Rende District, Tainan City 71703, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Environmental Engineering and Science, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Ping Tung 91201, Taiwan
  • 3 Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung Marine University, No.142, Haijhuan Rd., Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City 81157, Taiwan

Abstract

This study described the mass distribution of metals and the crystalline characteristics of slag during the vitrification of incinerator fly ash. The fly ash, mainly composed of Ca (180,000 mg/kg), Si (25,500 mg/kg), Pb (19900 mg/kg), and Zn (14,400 mg/kg), was vitrified with cullet at a basicity of 0.921 in an electric heating furnace. After vitrification, metals with low boiling points (Cd, Pb, and Zn) vaporized into flue gas as particulate phase. High levels of Pb (315,000 mg/kg) and Zn (226,000 mg/kg) made the particulate phase worth reclaiming. No ingot formed due to lack of ingot forming metals, and thus metals with high boiling points mainly stayed in the slag. After being identified by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) analysis, the major crystalline phases of the slag were found to be Ca2SiO4 and CaSiO3, which coincided with the results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results of the toxicity characteristics leaching procedure (TCLP) suggest that recycling the slag could be taken into consideration. The overall results indicate that vitrification is a promising technology that is able to transform incinerator fly ash into stable slag, reduce secondary environmental pollution, and transform valuable metals (Pb and Zn) in a recoverable form.

Keywords

Basicity Heavy metal Municipal solid waste Stabilization Slag


Related Article

Critical Emissions from the Largest On-Road Transport Network in South Asia

Saroj Kumar Sahu , Gufran Beig, Neha Parkhi
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 135-144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.04.0137
PDF

Ambient Air Quality during Diwali Festival over Kolkata – A Mega-City in India

A. Chatterjee , C. Sarkar, A. Adak, U. Mukherjee, S.K. Ghosh, S. Raha
Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 1133-1144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.03.0062
PDF

Exploring the Variation between EC and BC in a Variety of Locations

Gbenga Oladoyin Salako, Philip K. Hopke , David D. Cohen, Bilkis A. Begum, Swapan K. Biswas, Gauri Girish Pandit, Yong-Sam Chung, Shamsiah Abd Rahman, Mohd Suhaimi Hamzah, Perry Davy, Andreas Markwitz, Dagva Shagjjamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Wanna Wimolwattanapun, Supamatthree Bunprapob
Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 1-7
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2011.09.0150
PDF
;