Articles online

Chemical Modification of Dust Particles during Different Dust Storm Episodes

Category: Articles

Volume: 12 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 1095-1104
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2011.11.0188
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Weijun Li1,2,3, Longyi Shao 2

  • 1 Environment Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100, China
  • 2 The State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining and the Department of Resources and Earth Science, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
  • 3 State Key of Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China


Two dust episodes (D1: February 13 and D2: March 28–29, 2004) of long-range transport from desert and loess sources, and one dust episode (D3: March 30) mainly from local area, were investigated in spring 2004 in Beijing, China. Dust samples were collected in different dust episodes and scanning electron microscopy with X-ray energy dispersive detector (SEM/EDS) was applied to study the morphology, elemental composition, and chemical modification on the surfaces of dust particles with radius from 0.1 to 6.4 μm. The morphological features of the particles reveal that the three dust plumes carried both dust particles (90–98% by number) and anthropogenic pollutants (e.g., fly ash and soot, 2–10%). Particle compositions show that the amount of S-containing dust particles was higher in D1 and D2 than in D3. Sulfates were introduced into the dust particles through heterogeneous uptake of SO2 during their transport. In all three dust episodes, fine dust particles (radius < 1 μm) showed a higher degree of chemical modification by SO2 compared to the coarse particles (radius ≥ 1 μm). Furthermore, long-range transport dust particles were more deeply modified by SO2 than particles from local areas. The composition of the dust particles indicates that alkaline mineral components determined the level of chemical modification of individual particles. Heterogeneous uptake of SO2 on a large number of dust particles would increase mass of the internally mixed sulfates on their surfaces. The results suggest that the optical properties of dust particles during dust storm episodes are gradually altered based on how far they are transported.


Asian dust storm (ADS) Individual dust particle Heterogeneous reaction Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Alkaline mineral

Related Article

Modeling the Long-Range Transport of Particulate Matters for January in East Asia using NAQPMS and CMAQ

Zhe Wang , Syuichi Itahashi, Itsushi Uno, Xiaole Pan, Kazuo Osada, Shigekazu Yamamoto, Tomoaki Nishizawa, Kei Tamura, Zifa Wang
Volume: 17 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 3065-3078
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2016.12.0534
PDF | Supplemental material

Critical Emissions from the Largest On-Road Transport Network in South Asia

Saroj Kumar Sahu , Gufran Beig, Neha Parkhi
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 135-144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.04.0137

Ambient Air Quality during Diwali Festival over Kolkata – A Mega-City in India

A. Chatterjee , C. Sarkar, A. Adak, U. Mukherjee, S.K. Ghosh, S. Raha
Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 1133-1144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.03.0062

Exploring the Variation between EC and BC in a Variety of Locations

Gbenga Oladoyin Salako, Philip K. Hopke , David D. Cohen, Bilkis A. Begum, Swapan K. Biswas, Gauri Girish Pandit, Yong-Sam Chung, Shamsiah Abd Rahman, Mohd Suhaimi Hamzah, Perry Davy, Andreas Markwitz, Dagva Shagjjamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Wanna Wimolwattanapun, Supamatthree Bunprapob
Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 1-7
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2011.09.0150