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Source Apportionment of Coarse and Fine Particulate Matter at Navi Mumbai, India

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Volume: 8 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 423-436
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2008.07.0027
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P. Kothai, I.V. Saradhi1, P. Prathibha1, Philip K. Hopke2, G.G. Pandit 1, V.D. Puranik1

  • 1 Environmental Assessment Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai – 400 085, India
  • 2 Centre for Air Resources Engineering and Science, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699- 5808, USA


Atmospheric particulate matter in two size fractions 2.5-10 μm and ≤ 2.5 μm were collected on nuclepore polycarbonate filter papers and were analyzed for elements using NAA and EDXRF. Varimax rotated factor analysis identified five major sources contributing to coarse and fine particulate mass. FA-MLR technique is applied to apportion the sources. Source apportionment studies showed maximum contribution of the coarse fraction was from sea salt (35%) and crustal (25%) sources. A considerable amount of the mass was also contributed from industrial (14%), vehicular (10%) and fugitive emissions (7%). These results also showed the percentage contribution of soil, two-stroke emission with fugitive dust, industrial emission, motor vehicles and sea salt to the average fine mass concentration was 3%, 18%, 23%, 29% and 9%, respectively. The contribution of each source to their constituent elements also has been determined using the same technique.


Factor Analysis (FA) Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) Sources Receptor model Coarse Fine

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