OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Chemical Compositions of PM2.5 in Residential Homes of Southern Taiwan

Category: Articles

Volume: 7 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 403-416
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2007.02.0009
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Yu-Mei Kuo 1, Hsueh-Fen Hung2, Tzu-Ting Yang2

  • 1 Department of Occupational Safety and Hygiene, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, 89, Wen-Hwa 1st Street, Jen-Te Hsiang, Tainan Hsien, 717, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Environmental Engineering and Health, Yuanpei University, 306, Yuanpei Street, Hsinchu, 300, Taiwan

Abstract

Aerosol samples of fine particles (PM2.5) were collected simultaneously from inside and outside 16 residential homes in Tainan City of southern Taiwan. The collected samples were analyzed for the carbon content and 16 elements including Be, Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Cd, Sb, Hg and Pb. The concentrations of mean elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC) of the indoor and corresponding outdoor PM2.5 were approximately the same and within the range of 10–12 μg/m3. The indoor/outdoor (I/O) ratios of EC and OC varied at 0.35–3.86 and 0.27–2.44, respectively. Metals such as Ca, Fe, Pb, and Zn were most abundant among the elements examined, while elements such as Be, Co, Hg, Cd were found in the smallest quantities. Using Fe as the reference element, the enrichment factors (EFs) varied from less than unity to more than 60,000. According to the degree of enrichment, As, Se, Cd, Sb, Hg were found to be the most enriched in PM2.5. The results suggest that the anthropogenic combustion sources such as coal combustion, municipal waste incineration, vehicular emission as well as building construction/renovation are the major sources of indoor PM2.5 in Tainan City.

Keywords

Chemical composition PM2.5 Indoor air quality I/O ratio


Related Article

Controlling Indoor Bioaerosols Using a Hybrid System of Ozone and Catalysts

Hsiao-Lin Huang , Mei-Guei Lee, Jen-Hsuan Tai
Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 73-82
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2011.07.0098
PDF

Critical Emissions from the Largest On-Road Transport Network in South Asia

Saroj Kumar Sahu , Gufran Beig, Neha Parkhi
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 135-144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.04.0137
PDF

Ambient Air Quality during Diwali Festival over Kolkata – A Mega-City in India

A. Chatterjee , C. Sarkar, A. Adak, U. Mukherjee, S.K. Ghosh, S. Raha
Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 1133-1144
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.03.0062
PDF
;