Volume 12, No. 2, April 2012, Pages 200-210 PDF(350 KB)
Measuring and Modeling Atmospheric Arsenic Pollutants, Total As, As(III), and As(V), at Five Characteristic Sampling Sites
Guor-Cheng Fang, Jun-Han Huang, Chia-Kuan Liu, Yi-Liang Huang
Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, HungKuang University, Sha-Lu, Taichung 433, Taiwan
This investigation determines ambient air arsenic (As), As(III), and As(V) concentrations in total suspended particulates (TSP) and dry deposition. Calculated/measured dry deposition flux ratios of ambient air As, As(III) and As(V) were evaluated using two dry deposition models at five characteristic sampling sites during 2009–2010.The highest average concentrations of As, As(III) and As(V) in TSP and dry deposition were measured at the Quan-xing industrial sampling site during August–January. The Quan-xing site, with many industrial factories under process around there regions, its air is extremely polluted. In addition, the average dry deposition velocities for ambient air total arsenic (As) at Bei-shi, Chang-hua, He-mei, Quan-xing and Gao-mei were 0.60 (cm/sec), 0.57 (cm/sec), 0.73 (cm/sec), 0.67 (cm/sec) and 0.66 (cm/sec), respectively at these five characteristic sampling sites.
The highest average seasonal variation for As, As(III) and As(V) in TSP and dry deposition were in winter and fall due to emissions from fossil fuel combustion by the nearby Taichung Thermal Power Plant (TTPP) and for household heating. The Noll and Fang model can be applied to predict dry deposition of As, As(III), and As(V) at these sampling sites.
TSP; Dry deposition; Model; Arsenic (As); As(III); As(V).