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Volume 16, No. 4, April 2016, Pages 958-976 PDF(801 KB)  
doi: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.08.0522   

Improving the Representation of Cross-Boundary Transport of Anthropogenic Pollution in East Asia Using Radon-222

Scott D. Chambers1, Chang-Hee Kang2, Alastair G. Williams1, Jagoda Crawford1, Alan D. Griffiths1, Ki-Hyun Kim3, Won-Hyung Kim2

1 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Locked Bag 2001 Kirrawee DC NSW 2232, Australia
2 Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University, Jeju 690–756, Korea
3 Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-Ro, Seoul 133-791, Korea


  • 10 years of hourly Radon-222, CO and SO2 measurements at Gosan station discussed.
  • Radon-222 is used to better constrain anthropogenic emissions from SE Asia.
  • Local and regional contributions to Gosan pollution observations characterised.
  • Seasonally-varying diurnal sampling window proposed for Gosan observations.
  • Seasonal and inter-annual variability of background and polluted air characterised.



We report on 10 years of hourly atmospheric radon, CO, and SO2 observations at Gosan Station, Korea. An improved radon detector was installed during this period and performance of the detectors is compared. A technique is developed whereby the distribution of radon concentrations from a fetch region can be used to select air masses that have consistently been in direct contact with land-based emissions, and have been least diluted en route to the measurement site. Hourly radon concentrations are used to demonstrate and characterise contamination of remote-fetch pollution observations by local emissions at this key WMO GAW site, and a seasonally-varying 5-hour diurnal sampling window is proposed for days on which diurnal cycles are evident to minimise these effects. The seasonal variability in mixing depth and “background” pollutant concentrations are characterised. Based on a subset of observations most representative of the important regional fetch areas for this site, and least affected by local emissions, seasonal estimates of CO and SO2 in air masses originating from South China, North China, Korea and Japan are compared across the decade of observations.



Keywords: 222Rn; Fetch analysis; Local effects; Model benchmarking; Sampling window.



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