Volume 14, No. 3, April 2014, Pages 1074-1088 PDF(1.56 MB)
Observational Study of Surface O3, NOx, CH4 and Total NMHCs at Kannur, India
T. Nishanth1, K.M. Praseed2, M.K. Satheesh Kumar3, K.T. Valsaraj4
1 Department of Physics, Sree Krishna College Guruvayur, Kerala, 680102, India
2 Department of Physics, Sir Syed College, Taliparamba. Kannur, Kerala, Indiaa
3 Department of Physics, Govt. Brennen College, Thalassery, Kerala, Indiaa
4 Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
This paper presents the results of measurements of the surface ozone (O3), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), methane (CH4) and total non-methane hydrocarbons (TNMHCs) in a rural coastal location at Kannur (11.9°N, 75.4°E, 5 m asl), India from November 2009 to December 2011. The diurnal cycle for surface O3 had a peak in the afternoon and declined during nighttime. The maximum and minimum mixing ratio of surface O3 was observed in winter and monsoon seasons respectively. NOx concentration was high during mid-night to early morning and low during noontime. The diurnal variations of mixing ratios for NOx and O3 were anti-correlated. Monthly average maximum (2.26 ± 0.44 ppmv) and minimum (0.43 ± 0.19 ppmv) CH4 concentrations were observed in December and August respectively. The diurnal variations of CH4 were similar to that of NOx. A CH4 buildup was observed during early morning hours throughout the observational period. On an annual basis, the maximum, minimum and average total NMHCs were (25.45 ± 6.58 ppbv), (13.84 ± 4.31 ppbv), and (19.23 ± 5.56 ppbv) respectively at the observational site. Analysis of O3, NO, NO2, CH4 and NMHC have been carried out and the correlation between O3 and its precursors is discussed detailed. Further, the diurnal variation of O3 over a free tropospheric region at Ooty, a hill station lying in the Western Ghats region of south India on clear sky days in February 2011 is also reported for a comparison.
Air pollution; Surface ozone; Photochemical production; Hydrocarbons; Seasonal variations.