Volume 16, No. 7, July 2016, Pages 1541-1547 PDF(299 KB)
Effective Coagulation Coefficient Approach for Estimating Particle Number Emission Rates for Strong Emission Sources
Srinivasan Anand1, Bathula Sreekanth2, Yelia Shankaranarayana Mayya3
1 Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, India
2 Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, India
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076, India
- Basic methodology to estimate particle number emission rates.
- It introduces an effective coagulation coefficient approach.
- This method considers ventilation in addition to coagulation process.
Particle number emission rate is one of the important parameters that characterizes the emission source and it is an essential input to the aerosol dynamics models. Estimation of this quantity at the source is rather complicated due to the combined action of ventilation and coagulation on the depletion of particle number concentrations. Techniques to estimate number emission rate are still at preliminary stage and hence there is a definite need to develop a methodology for this purpose. In the present study, an effective coagulation coefficient (Keff) approach is provided to correct for coagulation losses encountered during experiments for the determination of number emission rate. Keff is expressed as a function of single parameter (β) namely the ratio of the prescribed ventilation rate and measured number concentration in the experiments. The utility of the approach is demonstrated by applying it to few practical cases reported in the literature. The results are further discussed.
Coagulation; Ventilation; Emission rate; Number concentration; Aerosols.