Volume 13, No. 4, August 2013, Pages 1161-1169 PDF(1.58 MB)
Technical Note: Experiences of Studying Airborne Wear Particles from Road and Rail Transport
Saeed Abbasi, Ulf Sellgren, Ulf Olofsson
Department of Machine Design, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE 10044, Stockholm, Sweden
Airborne particles and their adverse effects on air quality have been recognized by humans since ancient times. Current exhaust emission legislations increase the relative contribution of wear particles on the PM levels. Consequently, wear-based particle emissions from rail and road transport have raised concerns as ground transportation is developing quickly. Although scientific research on airborne wear-based particles started in 1909, there is almost no legislation that control the generation of wear-based particles. In addition, there is no accepted and approved standard measurement technique for monitoring and recording particle characteristics. The main objective of this study is to review recent experimental work in this field and to discuss their set-ups, the sampling methods, the results, and their limitations, and to propose measures for reducing these limitations.
Airborne particles; Measurement; Non-tailpipe; Non-exhaust; Wear.