Volume 12, No. 3, June 2012, Pages 444-455 PDF(1.25 MB)
Air Ion Variation at Poultry-farm, Coastal, Mountain, Rural and Urban Sites in India
Subhash D. Pawar1, G.S. Meena2, Dattatrya B. Jadhav2
1 Department of Physics A.C.S. College Palus, Sangli-416310, India
2 Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411008, India
The air ions are continuously generated and destroyed by various processes in the atmosphere. Near the surface, the nature of ions is very complex and they show large variations in their physical properties. The attachment of small ions to the aerosol particles is depending on the mobility of air ions. High mobility air ions immediately are attached to the aerosol particles and settle down on the surface. In this study we report, about the air ion variation at different sites like Rural, Coastal, Mountain, Poultry farm and urban in the state of Maharashtra in India. The aim of this study is to understand the plausible distribution of air ions both diurnally and at different times in a day for long time (three years) and with various meteorological variables. The preliminary analysis of the data has reveled that negative air ions are observed to have attached to the aerosol particles and large aerosol particles are formed from small aerosol particles. Therefore uni-polarity factor observed to be below unity for coastal, mountain and rural site and about 2.8 at an urban site. However worst case is observed at the Poultry farm, where uni-polarity factor is 6.3, which is very harmful for human health. There is also effect of meteorological parameters on air ion concentration in the atmosphere.
Pollution index; Aerosol; Air ion; Transpiration; Meteorological Parameters.