Volume 11, No. 6, November 2011, Pages 776-782 PDF(567 KB)
Measurements of Gaseous Pollutant Concentrations in the Hsuehshan Traffic Tunnel of Northern Taiwan
Han-Chieh Li1, Kang-Shin Chen1, Chia-Hsiang Lai2, Hsin-Kai Wang1
1 Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
2 Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were measured from 14–17 November 2008 in a cross-mountain Hsuehshan traffic tunnel stretching 12.9 km and containing eastward and westward channels. Traffic and pollutant concentrations during the weekends exceeded those during the weekdays. Measured concentrations of CO at the two tunnel outlets (14.45–22.77 ppm) were approximately three times higher than those at the two tunnel inlets (3.17–7.33 ppm), while concentrations of NOx at the two tunnel outlets (1.92–2.88 ppm) were approximately four to five times higher than those at the two tunnel inlets (0.32–0.78 ppm). The outlet of vertical draft 2 had the highest pollutant concentrations (CO = 12.27 ppm; NOx = 1.85 ppm), followed by vertical drafts 1 and 3. The emission factors for the upslope, west-ward lanes (CO = 1.90 ± 0.43 g/km-veh; NOx = 0.38 ± 0.07 g/km-veh) are higher than those for the down-slope, eastward lanes (CO = 1.45 ± 0.13 g/km-veh; NOx = 0.26 ± 0.03 g/km-veh). High traffic volume and low traffic speed result in high concentrations and emission factors of the pollutants in the tunnel.
Tunnel air quality; Hsuehshan tunnel; CO; NOx; Vertical draft.