Volume 16, No. 1, January 2016, Pages 105-113 PDF(660 KB)
Atmospheric Deposition of 7Be in the Southeast of China: A Case Study in Xiamen
Lihao Zhang1,2, Weifeng Yang1,2, Min Chen1,2, Zhou Wang2, Peng Lin3, Ziming Fang2, Yusheng Qiu1,2, Minfang Zheng2
1 State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen 361005, China
2 College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
3 School of Freshwater Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53204, USA
- Inter- to intra-annual deposition of 7Be was examined.
- Monsoon control over seasonal 7Be deposition in southeastern China.
- Dominant removal of 7Be via precipitation.
- 7Be could be used to clarify pollutants diffusion in southeastern China.
Atmospheric deposition of 7Be was measured at a time-series station in the southeast of China (Xiamen) from 2011 to 2013. The deposition fluxes of 7Be ranged from 0.05 Bq m–2 d–1 to 7.42 Bq m–2 d–1, averaging 1.87 ± 0.10 Bq m–2 d–1. High fluxes occurred in months with northeast monsoon, and low values were observed in the southwest monsoon prevailing months. The significant correlations between 7Be deposition and precipitation, existing in both northeast and southwest monsoon seasons, suggested the dominant removal of atmospheric 7Be via precipitation. However, the correlations showed a large slope for the northeast monsoon season, indicating higher 7Be contents in the atmosphere during the northeast monsoon prevailing months, supported by the precipitation-normalized 7Be and the temporal variability of 7Be/210Pb ratios. Such a scenario revealed more intensive exchange of air mass between the stratosphere and troposphere during the northeast monsoon prevailing months. Together with the high pollutant concentrations in ambient air observed in these seasons, the results indicated that the pollutants in Xiamen might enter into the upper troposphere via vertical air mass exchange.
7Be; Residence time; Monsoon; Aerosol; Haze.